Biosphere 02

Oracle, Arizona, USA
Eco / Experimental
1987 - Present

1 Lung 2 Desert Biome 3 Marsh Biome 4 Savanna Biome 5 Ocean Biome 6 Rainforest Biome  7 Human living spaces 8 Laboratories 9 workshops 10 Viewing platforms

Biosphere 2 was, and is, an ambitious utopian vision of how humans should live on Earth - Biosphere 1. Begun in 1984, the goal of the world’s largest vivarium was to study the interaction of earth’s biomes and, long-term, to create a self-sufficient, closed-system environment that could be deployed on mars or on earth in case of ecological disaster or nuclear war. Located in the extreme climate of the Sonoran desert, The Biosphere 2 contained seven biome areas: an ocean (5), mangrove wetlands (3), Tropical rainforest (6), Savanna grassland (4), human living spaces (7) with laboratories (8) and workshops (9). The Biosphere 2 was intended as a demonstration project; the architecture is both transparent and wrapped in viewing platforms (10). Two missions, in 1991 and 1994, sealed eight researchers inside the Biosphere to test the system’s viability and conduct experiments.

The researchers, called Biospherians–or in T.C. Boyle’s fictionalized version, Terranauts–lived and worked together for a period two years. The combination of community and scientific inquiry can be traced back to Synergia Ranch, which was founded with the explicit goal of doing ecological experiments at a grand scale. The work and research still happening at Biosphere 2 is critically important to the problems we face today.

Nam semper semper ex
In porttitor pellentesque sapien

Annie Schneider

Communes in the New World

The question of how to live together—of how best to live together—is the foundation of any society. The last few years have exposed the fault lines in our current system: climatic catastrophe, economic crisis, supply chain collapse, civil unrest, rampant inequality, and a global pandemic. We live in congested cities and in potentially dangerous proximity, yet remain isolated. In light of these mounting pressures, it’s time to revisit the fundamentals. How to Live Together offers alternative ways of being, thinking, dwelling, and living. It calls into question every basic assumption and prevailing social norm: belief, sex, the nuclear family, property ownership, our relationship to land, production, and consumption. It is both a critique and a roadmap.